We could smell the heavy, musty scent of the flowering Durian (Durio zibethinus) as we approached our orchard last evening. We only have 4 trees but they are laden with flowers and attracting quite a lot of attention, especially at night.
This photo only captures a portion of the tree with flowers in various stages along the main and smaller lateral branches up to a height of approximately 10 metres. As well as many blossom bats (possibly Northern Blossom Bats but we haven’t a positive ID), there are moths and beetles attending the flowers at night. The flowers open from mid afternoon to late evening with most pollen being shed before midnight and all flower parts excepting the pistil fall to the ground.
We walked under a tree and shone our headlamps upwards to watch the diminutive blossom bats flitting in and out, hardly seeming to stop on the flowers. Blossom bats make a ‘kissing’ sound and when I imitated them I would have them swooping really close so I could feel the air movement from their wings on my head. In the photo above you can see large drops of nectar spilling out – no wonder the bat has buried itself in a flower!
Allen didn’t realize he had caught one in flight until he looked at the photos on the computer screen. We are fascinated by the tiny muscular ‘arms’ – the bats don’t waste any time when they are feeding, a brief moment on a flower and they are on the move again.
All these photos can be enlarged by clicking on them and it is particularly worthwhile in this case to see the detail of the tongue in action.
This rather attractive (as yet unidentified) moth was also taking advantage of the plentiful nectar - and the next morning native bees were landing on the carpet of spent flowers lying under the tree, apparently gathering pollen. So while we look forward,with cautious optimism (having had past disappointments), to a bountiful crop of this glorious King of Fruits many other creatures have benefited from the flowers already.
Reference: ”Tropical Tree Fruits for Australia” Queensland Department of Primary Industries 1984
When picking beans this morning I was busily dodging the Green ants who live on the vine, doing a good job of keeping the bean fly away, when I noticed there were quite a few grasshoppers hiding on and amongst the leaves. They are, no doubt, enjoying some nutritious fresh, green bean leaves. I don’t usually worry too much about our vigorous bean vines but this crew may give them a bit of a beating so I’ll keep an eye on things. I may have to resort to some relocation! Given a chance these beans – a Dwarf Snake Bean and a Rattlesnake Bean – will keep growing through the wet season when many other vegetables struggle, although so far we’re still producing a good supply of capsicum, eggplant, shallots and an assortment of edible greens.
The bean leaf should give some idea of the size of this Giant Grasshopper, (Valanga irregularis). There is a lot more information available on the Brisbane Insects site including photos of nymphs of various sizes – many of which I noticed today.
The back view, above, shows the spines on the back of the legs which they will use to defend themselves when necessary although their first defence when disturbed is to move into shadow under a leaf . Below; caught with a mouth full of green and some conspicuous holes in the leaf nearby!
Returning from a stroll around the ponds I saw movement on the ground under the bamboos; although obviously a Black Butcherbird (Cracticus quoyi) I thought, at first, that it must have a bamboo leaf stuck on its face.
However, it was just beautifully camouflaged amongst the fallen leaves, which it was picking up and throwing aside while looking for insects, worms, or whatever unsuspecting creature might be hiding under this damp carpet.
As several pair of Black Butcherbird have successfully raised young in the last few months and the juvenile birds were a rufous morph, we presume that this one is in an eclipse phase. And in spite of the Black Butcherbird’s voracious appetite there are still large numbers of reptiles, small birds, frogs and insects living here so the property seems quite able to support them.
And now for something completely different - a Striped Swampdragon (Agrionoptera longitudinalis biserialis) Continue reading
We’ve been spending a lot of time in our gumboots exploring the vegetation around the ponds to see what Dragonflies and Damselflies we can observe and hopefully photograph. They are fascinating insects to watch and at this time of the year there is a lot happening. Some of the Damselflies are so small they can easily be overlooked while some of the larger Dragonflies can prove frustrating because they seem to be continually on the move.
Its a wonderful wet season activity and this year has been particularly rewarding although a little challenging at times having to dodge the ‘scattered showers’ that can sometimes become an isolated downpour. I spent quite a while retracing my steps around a pond to find an umbrella I had absent-mindedly hooked over the belt holding my secateurs (I like multi-tasking) but which had dropped into the mud while I was concentrating on a Silver Wisp (Agriocnemis argentea). Raincoats would be more practical in one sense but they are just too uncomfortable to wear - the humidity is around 90% and when the sun does come out ….. well I don’t think I need to explain further.
It is hard to give a sense of perspective but this damselfly is very small and delicate – Silver Wisp is an apt common name. We suspect that the individual in the photo may be a female or immature male as the mature males are described as being covered in a white pruinescence.
And while I was down at the ponds, Allen was Continue reading
Not real fairies but a strikingly beautiful stick-insect – and if you’ve never considered these insects to be attractive then just look at these photos!
This description of the Hasenpusch Family Stick-insect (Parapodacanthus hasenpuschorum) really paints the picture. From the book written by Paul Brock and Jack Hasenpusch “On several occasions visitors to the rainforest at Garradunga have reluctantly reported seeing ‘fairies with pink wings’ flying overhead between the trees..”
And recently we have been lucky enough to see a female on two separate occasions. Neither Allen nor I have observed this species prior to having a copy of the aforementioned book and I’m sure that we would remember.
The females are a vivid, glossy green with bright pink/cerise wings – we have not yet seen a male of this species but they also have pink wings and the pink spiny tubercules. Both males and females can fly well; certainly the females we have seen could and they really do look like pink-winged fairies.
In order to be able to photograph the wings Allen gently held the insect – she didn’t emit any unpleasant odour which apparently they can do when handled so I don’t think she was too stressed. I just took a couple of quick photos and then he let her go and she took off fast and high into a nearby tree.
And while I’ve been writing this post yet another species of stick-insect has appeared Continue reading
Well guess who was given “The Complete Field Guide to Stick and Leaf Insects of Australia” by Paul D Brock and Jack W Hasenpusch? Its a wonderful book that we’ve both been enjoying; we’re also having lots of fun finding and trying to identify stick insects…so here’s hoping we’ve got the ID right on this one!
The first photo is a female Strong Stick-insect (Anchiale briareus) that I found in a Callistemon. I was walking past with my secateurs and decided that the bush needed a tip prune to prevent it becoming leggy – and there she was, beautifully camouflaged as part of the branch. Continue reading
Nectarinia jugularis was commonly known as Yellow-bellied Sunbird but now is referred to as Olive-backed Sunbird…….however, my friend Joanna refers to them as ‘Sunnybirds’ which I think is wonderfully descriptive.
This female was enjoying the plentiful nectar available in the flowers of Xanthostemon verticillatus – Bloomfield Penda. Continue reading
Setting the scene with this photo you will have to use your imagination to picture the canoe (slightly muddy from previous weeding excursions) with occupant paddling slowly through the water lilies on a beautiful sunny afternoon. The same morning I had spent some time on the ponds checking for and removing some weeds and Continue reading
Male Little Bronze-Cuckoo (Chalcites minutillus)was trying to get himself a feed while being harassed by other insect eating birds, in particular a persistent Rufous Fantail. The caterpillar attracting so much attention was the distinctive larva of a particularly bright day-flying Moth (Dysphania numana) which is often seen in the late afternoon and is known by the common name of Four O’clock Moth. Continue reading
An outing to the beach after Olga had moved on – it was still very humid with a slight off-shore breeze and millions of mosquitoes. The southern end of Cape Kimberley beach meets the Daintree River mouth – we were not there to risk swimming with ‘stingers’ or with crocodiles – rainforest, beachfront vegetation including quite an interesting selection of mangroves provides plenty of interest.
Grey Mangrove, (Avicennia marina), Red Mangrove (Rhizophora stylosa) and River Mangrove (Aegiceras corniculatum) were growing together – about the middle of the first photo. The prevailing winds blow seed and lots of rubbish from passing boats into this corner.
And the lovely Thespesia populnea was flowering next to its close relative Hibiscus tiliaceous – its spent flowers decorating the beach detritus.
However, I am drifting away from my topic.
We walked as far as we could along the rocks then had to start making our way back before the incoming tide cut us off. A movement near one of the rock puddles caught my eye and I called out to Allen for the camera – I haven’t been able to identify this cricket yet although I have sent the photo to a couple of entomologists I know, so I’ll update the post as soon as I have more information.
Body length approx. 25mm.
Its worthwhile clicking on the image to look at the detail – wonderfully intricate patterms and fine filaments.
Update from Dr Roger Farrow
Your image looks like a male nymph of Cardiodactylus novaeguineaensis (Gryllidae:Eneopterninae) which has run out from the rainforest edge and got lost. The winged adult is quite distinct with 2 white dots on the forewing. As the name suggests its also found in PNG and is probably a recent Asian invader (when there was the land bridge).