Nephila on her magnificent wheel-web
Recently my morning routine has involved checking on a Golden Orb spider (Nephila pilipes) which has, after trying several positions around the house, constructed a web under the eaves outside one of our sliding doors. As it is a door which is rarely used she has not been disturbed by us. However, during the night her web is vulnerable to collisions by insectivorous bats hunting for insects attracted by our lights. In the morning she is frequently busy repairing her web and yesterday major repairs were underway as there was very little of the main wheel remaining.
Although her movements were not fast she didn’t stop until the work was complete.
The spider uses her tarsi to draw the silk from her spinnerets – it is fascinating to watch the action. Spiders are able to produce silk in various qualities depending on what part of the web is being constructed or whether it is being used to wrap up some prey. She works deftly with never a moment’s hesitation about where the next section will fit!
Nephila pilipes drawing silk out of her spinnerets
It is fascinating to watch the web creation process. Nephila works with such precision and at such a steady pace that by the time I returned to check on her after breakfast it was completed and she was resting in the centre, waiting for her prey.
Nephila pilipes is found in northern Queensland, Papua New Guinea, Polynesia, Malaysia, Bali and India. They are completely harmless to humans and would only bite in self-defence if seriously threatened.
Little Kingfisher – Ceyx pusillus is one of a special group of tropical Australian iconic bird species. Our wetlands’ designs included areas we hoped would create habitats appealing to this beautiful jewel of a bird and I can now say with confidence that we have indeed achieved our aim!
Cottonwood – Hibiscus tiliaceous which thrives in wet situations and tends to spread (a habit not favoured by some) now helps to provide shade and shelter around the wetland overflow . Both Azure and Little Kingfishers use an overhanging Cottonwood branch to watch the fish in the clear water flowing over the spillway before diving in for a feed.
These secretive, tiny birds with the oversized bills prefer dark well vegetated waterways which make challenging photographic conditions. Allen has been patiently returning to the bird hide, time after time, hoping that he could catch it on one its brief forays into the open. Finally this morning he had some success and although the light was poor due to overcast conditions the blue of this amazing, diminutive bird shines brilliantly.
Wonderful to have such good rains in late December just as the ground was becoming really hard and dry – while some may find the humidity taxing it is, to me, infinitely preferably to the crackly, tinder dry atmosphere that precedes so many horrific fires. There is also the bonus of hydrated skin which I am sure makes me look years younger than I appear in dry climates!
After a couple of weeks away enjoying festivities with children and grandchildren we were delighted to return and find Spotted Whistling ducks were temporarily resident on our wetland. Since 2012 these ducks have made an appearance at Wild Wings & Swampy Things during the summer months – some years they have stayed for a few weeks but last year they were only sighted on one day. It is always a good feeling to see birds return and especially when they are feeding and roosting here.
Spotted Whistling duck posing before taking off for the night
Roosting in a tree on the edge of the wetland
One of the other surprises was to find that the Wompoo fruit dove, nesting above our driveway, had steadfastly stayed on its nest through heavy rain and hatched its baby. It has a long way to go yet, the parents will have to be on their guard to protect it from a pair of Black Butcherbirds.
Wompoo Fruit-dove on nest – youngster not visible
Wompoo Fruit-dove nestling
I forgot to mention that all the photos were taken by Allen.
In mid November, some tourists on the Daintree River witnessed two Great-billed Herons fighting on the river bank. As the bird watchers keenly observed the fracas, the birds fell into the water and a nearby crocodile took the opportunity to grab one of them.
Subsequent to this event being reported on the local network we noticed that the Great-billed Heron we regularly see on our wetlands was limping and looking a bit sorry for himself. (There has been a presumption that it was two males fighting) During the last week he has improved considerably – we have seen him quite frequently and, perhaps due to his bruises, he hasn’t been in a hurry to fly off as soon as he catches sight of us.
November 21st feeling a bit sorry for itself – a few days after the reported fracas.
Today we were spending some time with a fellow birding friend who was visiting from Cairns and so, after a walk around some of the tracks, we sat in the bird hide chatting and exchanging stories. As we were watching a Little Egret land in a tree in the distance, the Great-billed Heron flew across in front of us and landed on the bund wall in full view. Although we kept chatting the bird was unperturbed by us. It was, however, disturbed by some Figbirds which caused it to ruffle up its plumes then give us a demonstration of its guttural call before eventually flying a little further on to hunt along the exposed muddy bank.
What a privilege to have the pleasure of seeing such a shy bird, not only finding our wetlands a reliable feeding ground but starting to feel less threatened by our presence nearby.
Perfect weather combined with an efficient operator has resulted in some fabulous overhead views of Wild Wings & Swampy Things. Never having seen a drone in action I was keen to observe the launching process but didn’t expect that it would be quite so exciting. I think I may possibly have squealed with delight as the drone took off, headed skywards! Tom let it hover overhead for a few moments while it got its bearings and then it was out of our sight as he sent it on a circuit of the property.
Drone on launching pad
We have lift off!
The early morning light was perfect to capture the colour variation of our very green landscape.
Freshwater swimming pool nestled in the garden in front of the house
The view below is taken from near Barratt Creek looking NNE over our orchard in the bottom right hand corner, a glimpse of our house can be seen in the centre of the photo. The boundary lines are approximate and the view somewhat distorted due to the angle.
View to Thornton’s Peak. Daintree River visible in top third of photo.
Dagmar Range is part of the Greater Daintree National Park which begins on the other side of Barratt Creek so Wild Wings & Swampy Things Nature Refuge forms an important corridor between a large conservation area and the Daintree River catchment.
Dagmar Range to the SW
The view towards Daintree Village from Barratt Creek shows the contrasting vegetation of the cattle farming areas. While the hills make a beautiful backdrop our front boundary is the Mossman-Daintree road, hidden under the trees.
Looking towards Daintree Village from Barratt Creek
Wetlands in the foreground, bird hide is a light speck in the green, main house is just to the left of centre and Daintree Village is visible as a cluster of buildings in the far distance with the Daintree river on the right hand side of the photo.
Delightful little Silvereyes, with their gentle high-pitched chatter, are not an uncommon species. They can be found all down the east coast, in Tasmania and in south-west Australia with some variation between the different identified races. We have Zosterops lateralis; race vegetus – a long name for such a small bird.
Silvereye in Common Pepper Vine
Eating the fruit of Common Pepper Vine
Plentiful fruit in this native Pepper vine, Piper caninum, is proving very popular and they seem to slide down whole without any apparent problem. While Silvereyes are known as a pest in some orchards and especially in vineyards we have the luxury of enough Black Sapote to share. Now that the crop is nearly finished the fruit-loving birds are competing with each other for a share and so the Silvereyes have shown their feisty nature as they compete with various Honeyeaters for the softest fruit.
24 hours after my initial sighting this beautiful insect, known as a Spiny-leaf Insect or Macleay’s Spectre, hadn’t moved very far and was looking very vulnerable hanging on under the eaves. After some research regarding suitable species I gathered a few leafy twigs, put them in a jar of water on the table and transferred the Spiny-leaf Insect onto them.
Next morning, after some initial concern at her disappearance, she was located on our ceiling and gently moved back to the vegetation in the jar. There was no sign that she had eaten anything from the selection provided so obviously these young shoots were not her preference.
A local Phasmid lover and friend, Daintree Boatman, was called for advice regarding suitable food plants. Murray dropped in for an inspection, so did our friendly next door potter and nature lover, Ellen with exclamations of delight over such a wonderful creature.
So, Allen made an extensive search by torchlight for exotic Guava but without success. It would appear that we have very effectively managed to eliminate this weed from the property!
Alphitonia petrei was the next on the list and finally we have had success. There was great excitement at finding droppings on the tablecloth this morning – like all Spiny-leaf insects, she prefers to eat in the dark.
Spiny-leaf Insect on Alphitonia petrei
So now I can confidently put her on the correct species and hope that a hungry predator doesn’t spot her. Its a wild world out there so perhaps just one more night in the relative safety of our house?
I found this tiny Phasmid (about 7 cm in length) hanging onto the wall of our house late yesterday afternoon. Extatosoma tiaratum is known to sometimes mimic lichen as a camouflage at an early instar, however as our house wall is not covered in lichen it looked very exposed and vulnerable.
Very young Macleay’s Spectre
With the light rapidly fading we had trouble getting a satisfactory photo. A second attempt after dark with a torch as well as the camera flash has yielded better results. I haven’t adjusted the colour at all – it really does look quite green.
Very young Macleay’s Spectre showing its tail curving back towards its head
After the photo session we moved it onto a plant so it had a better chance of avoiding attack by predator. This morning it was back on the underside of the eaves; although the plant may have looked an okay place to us, it apparently wasn’t considered suitable by the Phasmid.
Increasing numbers of birds do seem to be the most obvious indicator that our restoration projects have been successful, however there are many other creatures finding the habitat suitable for breeding.
A movement among the fallen leaves of the Leichardt trees (Nauclea orientalis) alerted me to the presence of this tiny freshwater turtle. As I wasn’t carrying a camera at the time I brought it back to the house for a short photo session and then released it in our garden pond. Not uncommon to see Saw-shelled turtle (Elseya latisternum) here but we’re always so happy to see a young one.
Saw-shelled Turtle –
Front view with head sideways in protective position
Saw-shelled Turtle – underside view
It must have been a great relief to this little creature to find itself released into the relative safety of rocks and vegetation on the edge of a little pond. Although I find it difficult to gauge a turtle’s reaction, I would imagine that to have its underside exposed would make it feel horribly vulnerable.
I only held it upside-down long enough for a photo and then placed it carefully on the edge of the pond and waited quietly until its head appeared. It wasn’t long before it was in the water and well hidden from view.
Saw-shelled turtle – released on the edge of a pond, well sheltered from predators
The whoosh of Metallic Starlings en masse, as they swoop fast and low through our garden, is indicative of warmer weather on its way. Although still a very pleasant temperature for gardening activities, our cool winter weather is giving way to our warmer ‘growth’ months. Pruning and weeding keeps me busy but it’s not a chore when you’re able to stop and watch the birds nearby.
We’ve been listening to Little Bronze-cuckoo calling, probably a prelude to mating and egg laying ……… but in whose nest? A pair of large-billed Gerygone have just started nest building, conveniently within lens distance of one of the bird hides, but nicely placed in the foliage of a paper-bark. (Melaleuca cajaputi)
Large-billed Gerygone at work nest building
Lovely Fairy Wrens, looking particularly lovely just now, are always a delight to observe as they dart in and out of cover in their search for insects. The climbing fern, Lygodium reticulatum, is wonderful shelter for them although it’s tough twining stems can be troublesome for young trees.
Female Lovely Fairy-wren
A glimpse of the male through some foliage, showing his glorious colours in the sunlight.
Male Lovely Fairy-wren