We could smell the heavy, musty scent of the flowering Durian (Durio zibethinus) as we approached our orchard last evening. We only have 4 trees but they are laden with flowers and attracting quite a lot of attention, especially at night.
This photo only captures a portion of the tree with flowers in various stages along the main and smaller lateral branches up to a height of approximately 10 metres. As well as many blossom bats (possibly Northern Blossom Bats but we haven’t a positive ID), there are moths and beetles attending the flowers at night. The flowers open from mid afternoon to late evening with most pollen being shed before midnight and all flower parts excepting the pistil fall to the ground.
We walked under a tree and shone our headlamps upwards to watch the diminutive blossom bats flitting in and out, hardly seeming to stop on the flowers. Blossom bats make a ‘kissing’ sound and when I imitated them I would have them swooping really close so I could feel the air movement from their wings on my head. In the photo above you can see large drops of nectar spilling out – no wonder the bat has buried itself in a flower!
Allen didn’t realize he had caught one in flight until he looked at the photos on the computer screen. We are fascinated by the tiny muscular ‘arms’ – the bats don’t waste any time when they are feeding, a brief moment on a flower and they are on the move again.
All these photos can be enlarged by clicking on them and it is particularly worthwhile in this case to see the detail of the tongue in action.
This rather attractive (as yet unidentified) moth was also taking advantage of the plentiful nectar – and the next morning native bees were landing on the carpet of spent flowers lying under the tree, apparently gathering pollen. So while we look forward,with cautious optimism (having had past disappointments), to a bountiful crop of this glorious King of Fruits many other creatures have benefited from the flowers already.
Reference: “Tropical Tree Fruits for Australia” Queensland Department of Primary Industries 1984
The Durian, (Durio zibethinus) is often referred to as “the King of Tropical Fruit” and with good reason. As well as being extraordinarily delicious to eat, it is bursting with natural vitamins, minerals, protein, unsaturated fats and of course calories! It is without any doubt my absolutely favourite fruit and this is the first year we have had a substantial crop – we have been eating some Durian every day for the past 8 weeks, I have frozen many kilos and given away lots to friends.
I took this fruit to an outside table in order to photograph it and within seconds this little butterfly was attracted to the strong fruit odour. (I think the butterfly belongs to the Mycalesis genus, one of the bush-browns) The Durian fruit, as you can see, has some seriously sharp, stout spines which offer quite a challenge to those trying to access the sweet, rich custardy flesh within. The fruit is a capsule and when ripe it splits into irregular segments containing the seed which is embedded in a rich cream or yellow coloured pulp ……and that’s the yummy bit.
Like many other fruit growers in Far North of Queensland this year, we have a huge crop of Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) which is known as the “Queen of tropical fruits”, and it is keeping us very busy picking and sorting for sale. Like Durian it is native to the Malaysian rainforests but there the similarities end. The flavour of the white, translucent flesh of Mangosteen is ‘melt in the mouth’ delicate, sweet and refreshing.
The other fruit in the photo is Rambutan (closely related to Lychee) and although we have harvested a few fruit for ourselves and friends most of it is being enjoyed by Sulphur-crested Cockatoos and Rainbow Lorikeets. As we have more than enough fruit to eat we don’t mind sharing with them.
And just to finish up – one more photo of the Durian showing its creamy, delicious segments.
We grow Black Persimmon also known as Black Sapote (Diospyros digyana) in our tropical fruit orchard and although we do sell some of our crop there is always plenty to share with the birds. We pick the fruit when it is still hard but those left on the tree become beautifully soft and mushy – perfect tucker for Honeyeaters and Silver-eyes.
As there are not many fruit soft and ripe enough for the birds at the one time there is considerable competition amongst them with the Helmeted Friarbird eagerly pushing the smaller birds out.
Macleay’s Honeyeater, an endemic species to our area, is cautious in its approach, waiting for an opportunity. Although it can be quite bossy around smaller birds it is dominated by the louder and bigger Helmeted Friarbird.
At last, a chance to enjoy a sweet, nutritious feast. Black Persimmon is an excellent source of Vitamin C and also has good amounts of calcium and phosphorus.
It is delicious mixed with yoghurt or made into a ‘smoothie’ but the birds seem happy to eat it unadulterated.
Nothing left of this fruit as this Yellow-spotted Honeyeater (I’m not entirely confident about ID) has just discovered but they’ll be more. The crop extends over a couple of months so all the fruit lovers, ourselves included, will be well fed.